Dictatorship of the proletariat Either the dictatorship of the landowners and capitalists, or the dictatorship of the proletariat [ According to Soviet ideology, Russia was in the transition from capitalism to socialism referred to interchangeably under Lenin as the dictatorship of the proletariatsocialism being the intermediate stage to communism, with the latter being the final stage which follows after socialism. It can be exercised only by a vanguard that has absorbed the revolutionary energy of the class. The term 'dictatorship' has no other meaning but this.
I hope these thoughts will help non-Chinese understand some puzzling phenomena in the Chinese social and political life.
If you disagree, please trash, ridicule, tear it apart or ignore. Many phenomena in the Chinese family, social and political lives make no sense to outsiders. These explanations lead to the conclusion of a need for Western liberation and redemption. Can we explain the Chinese social and political behaviors that so intrigue the Western mind?
Why did young and educated Chinese living in free Western democracies fully exposed to the Western media loudly support the Chinese authorities in the Olympic torch relays, instead of calling for the downfall of the oppressive CCP regime? We need simple concepts to build a framework that can help make some sense of these puzzling phenomena.
Whatever pragmatic functions they serve, they are judged universally with respect to their implications on relational duty and bonding, which is purely experiential.
They know what they are doing and why. As a Chinese, even when I know in my guts what the right thing to do is, I often cannot explain my rationale. For instance, in the Chinese culture there is a stigma on Chinese who badmouth China to foreigners.
Wang Dan and Wei Jingsheng et al. Is it wrong for a Chinese dissident to relate his displeasure with the Chinese government to foreign organizations?
There is nothing wrong from a functional perspective it leads to no negative consequences. In contrast, Americans do not trust the defectors they receive from a different, purely functional perspective.
Although this concept refers to victimization and a dysfunctional coping strategy in the West, it has a positive meaning of fulfillment to the Chinese. In America, you would not try to borrow a substantial amount of money even from your friends.
Americans go to the bank and get loans in the professional commercial way.
The Chinese cares as much about money as anybody. However, the value of money is warped in a Chinese relationship; it is no longer functional, commercial or financial, but viewed through the prism of duty and bonding.
He is a joke of a friend. Borrowing money indiscriminately from relationship partners is dysfunctional everywhere. It complicates the relationship and causes hassle and distress and sometimes misunderstanding in both parties. The dysfunction and distress are silently endured, contained and coped with, for the purpose of fulfilling duty and bonding.
Relationship means enduring and sacrifice. This attitude may be dysfunctional but far from meaningless or nonsensical. The meaning and sense is in the fulfillment of duty and bonding. I am not suggesting that ordinary Chinese brutalized by the Chinese authorities should put up with their grievances silently.
They should fight for their rights and other people Chinese and foreign should help them fight.
This mentality helps explain why the Chinese populace puts up with an oppressive regime, makes a deal with the devil, as long as there is somebody in the regime e.
Wen Jiaobao and Zhou Enlai they perceive as still honoring relational duty and bonding. The social contract between the Chinese and their rulers is relational duty and bonding, just like in Chinese personal relationship.
This is the piece of Chinese exceptionalism I feel strongly about. Prominent political figures that embody duty and bonding are the previous and current premiers Zhou Enlai and Wen Jiabao. Zhou is revered because he had silently endured pressure, distress and misperception to hold the country together, and fulfill his loyalty to Chairman Mao.
He remained silent on many issues about the Cultural Revolution. He is a good guy. Perception is all that matters; truth and validity are separate issues.
He went anyway, on camera. The loyalty, sense of duty and a minimal ego that led him to endure silently struck a chord among the Chinese. How does the CCP conduct its personnel evaluations? Do they also care about relational duty and bonding, to the degree of transcending ideology?
Something about the Chinese system makes it viable. At least it did not violate duty and bonding too egregiously.
Therefore we should leave them in Zhongnanhai and seek compromise with them.On July 30, China held a massive military parade to commemorate China’s Army Day — marking the day the Communist Party of China (CPC) founded the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) in of revolutionary base area by Communist Party of China (CPC) in the ’s until , the legislation and state form of CPC has been fast a copy of Soviet Union; From ’s to today the modernization of law (MoL) in China has.
The Chinese government has become particularly adept at maintaining or regaining control over its people via means of physical repression, censorship, and through the creation of an environment where fear of speaking out is a legitimate means of control.
Indeed, the likelihood of an economic downturn eliminating the CCP’s influence is minimal. China’s leadership has become more decentralized and insecure. post-Tiananmen years substituted Chinese nationalism for communism as the central legitimizing ideology of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
which long sought to preserve its autonomy by balancing Soviet and Chinese influence. since Gorbachev’s withdrawal of support triggered. The PRC also reduced censorship of Chinese criticism over the islands. The incident was probably the high watermark for the PRC encouraging/allowing anti-Japan public demonstrations.
It's the tipping point between politically useful and politically dangerous. The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China. The Communist Party is the sole governing party within mainland China, permitting only eight other, subordinated parties to co-exist, those making up the United benjaminpohle.comarters: Zhongnanhai, Xicheng District, Beijing.