Moreover, there is a scare that a possible completion of the Truman doctrine will take place in Latin America.
Visit Website The two superpowers plunged into one of their biggest Cold War confrontations after the pilot of an American U-2 spy plane making a high-altitude pass over Cuba on October 14,photographed a Soviet SS-4 medium-range ballistic missile being assembled for installation.
President Kennedy was briefed about the situation on October 16, and he immediately called together a group of advisors and officials known as the executive committee, or ExCom. For nearly the next two weeks, the president and his team wrestled with a diplomatic crisis of epic proportions, as did their counterparts in the Soviet Union.
A New Threat to the U.
For the American officials, the urgency of the situation stemmed from the fact that the nuclear-armed Cuban missiles were being installed so close to the U. From that launch point, they were capable of quickly reaching targets in the eastern U.
If allowed to become operational, the missiles would fundamentally alter the complexion of the nuclear rivalry between the U. The Soviets had long felt uneasy about the number of nuclear weapons that were targeted at them from sites in Western Europe and Turkey, and they saw the deployment of missiles in Cuba as a way to level the playing field.
Another key factor in the Soviet missile scheme was the hostile relationship between the U. The Kennedy administration had already launched one attack on the island—the failed Bay of Pigs invasion in —and Castro and Khrushchev saw the missiles as a means of deterring further U.
Weighing the Options From the outset of the crisis, Kennedy and ExCom determined that the presence of Soviet missiles in Cuba was unacceptable. The challenge facing them was to orchestrate their removal without initiating a wider conflict—and possibly a nuclear war.
In deliberations that stretched on for nearly a week, they came up with a variety of options, including a bombing attack on the missile sites and a full-scale invasion of Cuba. But Kennedy ultimately decided on a more measured approach. First, he would employ the U.
Navy to establish a blockade, or quarantine, of the island to prevent the Soviets from delivering additional missiles and military equipment.
Second, he would deliver an ultimatum that the existing missiles be removed. In a television broadcast on October 22,the president notified Americans about the presence of the missiles, explained his decision to enact the blockade and made it clear that the U.
Following this public declaration, people around the globe nervously waited for the Soviet response. Some Americans, fearing their country was on the brink of nuclear war, hoarded food and gas. Showdown at Sea A crucial moment in the unfolding crisis arrived on October 24, when Soviet ships bound for Cuba neared the line of U.
An attempt by the Soviets to breach the blockade would likely have sparked a military confrontation that could have quickly escalated to a nuclear exchange.
But the Soviet ships stopped short of the blockade. Although the events at sea offered a positive sign that war could be averted, they did nothing to address the problem of the missiles already in Cuba.
The tense standoff between the superpowers continued through the week, and on October 27, an American reconnaissance plane was shot down over Cuba, and a U. The year-old pilot of the downed plane, Major Rudolf Anderson, is considered the sole U.
During the crisis, the Americans and Soviets had exchanged letters and other communications, and on October 26, Khrushchev sent a message to Kennedy in which he offered to remove the Cuban missiles in exchange for a promise by U.
The following day, the Soviet leader sent a letter proposing that the USSR would dismantle its missiles in Cuba if the Americans removed their missile installations in Turkey. Officially, the Kennedy administration decided to accept the terms of the first message and ignore the second Khrushchev letter entirely.
Attorney General Robert Kennedy personally delivered the message to the Soviet ambassador in Washingtonand on October 28, the crisis drew to a close. The Cold War was far from over, though. In fact, another legacy of the crisis was that it convinced the Soviets to increase their investment in an arsenal of intercontinental ballistic missiles capable of reaching the U.
Start your free trial today.The cold war was a fight between the United States and the USSR over the world's resources. South Vietnam was an allie of the US and North Vietnam was an allie of the USSR.
The US feared if North Vietnam won the war other countries in South Asia would also fall to Communism. Nature and Development of Cold War. Like some historians believe Cold War had started even before the end of ‘hot war’, World War II.
Since two super powers were involved in the Cold War one could say that Cold War dominated world politics in the second half of the twentieth century, for fifty years.
The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis of (Spanish: Crisis de Octubre), the Caribbean Crisis (Russian: Карибский кризис, tr. Karibsky krizis, IPA: [kɐˈrʲipskʲɪj ˈkrʲizʲɪs]), or the Missile Scare, was a day (October 16–28, ) confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union concerning American ballistic missile deployment in Italy and Turkey with consequent Soviet .
The Cold War (–) was the tense relationship between the United States (and its allies), and the Soviet Union (the USSR and its allies) between the end of World War II .
The Cuban Missile Crisis: Considering its Place in Cold War History probes the complex relationship between the United States and Cuba, and examines the crisis that brought the world to the brink of war.
The unit incorporates groundbreaking research on the Cuban missile crisis. The end of the Cold War has inspired a wave of exciting new scholarship about the central international struggle in the decades following World War II.
Dissatisfied with traditional diplomatic and military interpretations, historians have begun to investigate the crucial role that political culture played in shaping global conflicts.
Cold War Constructions contributes to this reappraisal by.