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Background[ edit ] The controversy began on election night, when the national television networks, using information provided to them by the Voter News Servicean organization formed by the Associated Press to help determine the outcome of the election through early result tallies and exit pollingfirst called Florida for Gore in the hour after polls closed in the peninsula but about ten minutes before they closed in the heavily Republican counties of the panhandle in the Central time zone.
Later in the evening, the networks reversed their call, moving to "too close to call", then later giving it to Bush; then they retracted that call as well, finally indicating the state was "too close to call".
The small margin produced an automatic recount under Florida state law, which began the day after the election. That first day's results reduced the margin to just over votes.
The Palm Dissertation and george bush County recount attracted protestors and media. Due to the narrow margin of the original vote count, Florida Election Code It was completed on November 10 in the 66 Florida counties that used vote-counting machines and reduced Bush's lead to votes.
On November 9, the Bush campaign announced they had Dissertation and george bush George H. Following the statewide machine recount, the Gore campaign requested a manual recount in four counties.
Florida state law at the time allowed a candidate to request a manual recount by protesting the results of at least three precincts. Volusia County started its recount on November Florida statutes also required that all counties certify and report their returns, including any recounts, by 5: The manual recounts were time-consuming, and it soon became clear that some counties would not complete their recounts before the deadline.
On November 11, it joined a group of Florida voters in suing in federal district court for a preemptive injunction to stop all manual recounting of votes in Florida.
Bush's lawyers argued that recounting votes in just four counties violated the 14th Amendment and also that similarly punched ballots could be tabulated differently since Florida had no detailed statutory standards for hand-counting votes.
On November 14, the original deadline for reporting results, with the Volusia County recount complete, Bush held a vote lead.
George w bush biographical essay. By George w bush biographical essay. George w bush biographical essay. 5 stars based on reviews trip essay soziologie essay themen flarm range analysis essay marxism sociology essay writing newcombe doctoral dissertation about my . The George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum is the 13th Presidential Library administered by the National Archives and Records Administration. The George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum is the 13th Presidential Library administered by the National Archives and Records Administration.
The same day, a state judge upheld that deadline but ruled that further recounts could be considered later. Florida's secretary of state, Katherine Harris, a Republican, then gave counties until 2: The next day, the Florida Supreme Court allowed manual recounts in Palm Beach and Broward Counties to continue but left it to a state judge to decide whether Harris must include those votes in the final tally.
Miami-Dade County decided on November 17 to conduct a recount but suspended it on November The Gore campaign sued to force Miami-Dade County to continue its recount, but the Florida Supreme Court refused to consider the request.
As the manual recounts continued, the battle to certify the results intensified. On November 17, Judge Terry Lewis of Leon County Circuit Court permitted Harris to certify the election results without the manual recounts, but on the same day the Florida Supreme Court stayed that decision until it could consider an appeal by Gore.
After that decision, the Bush campaign appealed to the U. Supreme Court, arguing that the state court effectively rewrote state election statutes after the vote.
As the manual recounts progressed, most of Florida's counties were considering overseas absentee ballots. That part of the vote count was completed on November 18, increasing Bush's lead to votes.
The next day, Gore sued under Florida's statutory construct of the "contest phase". On November 28, Judge N. Gore appealed that decision to the Florida Supreme Court.
Sauls also rejected Gore's contest of the election result on December 4, and Gore appealed that decision too. On December 8, the Florida justices, by a vote, rejected the selective use of manual recounts in just four counties and ordered immediate manual recounts of all ballots in the state where no vote for president had been machine-recorded, also known as undervotes.
Supreme Court convened on December 1 to consider Bush's appeal. On December 4, the Court ordered the Florida Supreme Court to clarify its ruling that had extended the certification date.
On December 9, the Court suspended the manual recount, in progress for only several hours, on the grounds that irreparable harm could befall Bush, according to the order written by Justice Antonin Scalia. Meanwhile, on December 6 the Republican-controlled Florida legislature convened a special session to appoint a slate of electors pledged to Bush, as the U.
Constitution bestows upon state legislatures the duty to determine how its state's electors are appointed. On December 12, the same day as the U. Supreme Court ruling, the Florida House approved awarding the state's electoral votes to Bush, but the matter was moot after the Court's ruling.
On December 13, Gore conceded the election to Bush in a nationally televised address. During the recount, controversy ensued with the discovery of various irregularities that had occurred in the voting process in several counties.
Among these was the Palm Beach "butterfly ballot", which resulted in an unusually high number of votes for Reform Party candidate Pat Buchanan. Conservatives claimed that the same ballot had been successfully used in the election;   in fact, it had never been used in a Palm Beach County election among rival candidates for office.
Democrats claimed that many of these were not felons and should have been eligible to vote under Florida law. Unlike the much-discussed Palm Beach County butterfly ballot, the Duval County ballot spread choices for president over two non-facing pages.The Florida election recount of was a period of vote recounting in Florida that occurred during the weeks after Election Day in the United States presidential election between George W.
Bush and Al benjaminpohle.com Florida vote was ultimately settled in Bush's favor by a margin of votes when the U.S. Supreme Court, in Bush v. Gore, stopped a recount that had been initiated upon a ruling.
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