This site contains quotes, articles, ebooks, and other related documents on Philippine historical studies. In ancient times the inhabitants of the Philippines were a diverse agglomeration of peoples who arrived in various waves of immigration from the Asian mainland and who maintained little contact with each other.
He arrived in March during his circumnavigation of the globe. He claimed land for the king of Spain but was killed by a local chief. Following several more Spanish expeditions, the first permanent settlement was established in Cebu in After defeating a local Muslim ruler, the Spanish set up their capital at Manila inand they named their new colony after King Philip II of Spain.
In doing so, the Spanish sought to acquire a share in the lucrative spice trade, develop better contacts with China and Japan, and gain converts to Christianity.
Only the third objective was eventually realized. As with other Spanish colonies, church and state became inseparably linked in carrying out Spanish objectives. Several Roman Catholic religious orders were assigned the responsibility of Christianizing the local population.
The civil administration built upon the traditional village organization and used traditional local leaders to rule indirectly for Spain. Through these efforts, a new cultural community was developed, but Muslims known as Moros by the Spanish and upland tribal peoples remained detached and alienated.
There was no direct trade with Spain and little exploitation of indigenous natural resources. Most investment was in the galleon trade.
But, as this trade thrived, another unwelcome element was introduced — sojourning Chinese entrepreneurs and service providers. Although the Philippines was returned to Spain at the end of the war, the British occupation marked the beginning of the end of the old order.
Rebellions broke out in the north, and while the Spanish were busy fighting the British, Moros raided from the south. The Chinese community, resentful of Spanish discrimination, supported the British with laborers and armed men. The restoration of Spanish rule brought reforms aimed at promoting the economic development of the islands and making them independent of subsidies from New Spain.
The galleon trade ceased inand from that date onward the Royal Company of the Philippines, which had been chartered inpromoted direct and tariff-free trade between the islands and Spain. In the Royal Company of the Philippines was abolished, and free trade was formally recognized.
With its excellent harbor, Manila became an open port for Asian, European, and North American traders. In additional ports were opened to foreign commerce, and by the late nineteenth century three crops—tobacco, abaca, and sugar—dominated Philippine exports.Before the coming of Spanish colonizers, the people of the Philippine archipelago had already attained a semicommunal and semislave social system in many parts and also a feudal system in certain parts, especially in Mindanao and Sulu, where such a feudal faith as Islam had already taken roots.
The Philippine Government During The Spanish Colonial Period 0 During the Spanish colonization in the Philippines, the government was composed of two branches, the executive and the judicial.
The Philippines is classified as part of the Indosphere and the Sinosphere, making its many cultures sophisticated and intermixed. Prior to the LCI, the earliest record of the Philippine Islands corresponded with the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in Magellan's arrival marks the beginning of the Spanish colonial period.
In general, the spiritual and economic leadership in many pre-colonial Filipino ethnic groups was provided by women, as opposed to the political and military leadership according to men. Spanish occupiers during the 16th century arrived in the Philippines noting about warrior priestesses leading tribal spiritual affairs.
All these developments had their origins during the period of Spanish rule in the Philippines (). This article considers only the Early Chinese Economic Influence in the Philippines. Pacific Affairs,, Early Chinese Economic Influence in the Philippines.
During most of the colonial period, the Philippine economy depended on the Galleon Trade which was inaugurated in between Manila and Acapulco, Position was originally hereditary among the local elites of the pre-colonial period; Filipino style of architecture .