Violation of human rights is the complex of actions which break the norms and laws which protect and guarantee a human being from the illegal actions and abuse. In the times immemorial the human life did not cost anything and no one respected it, that is why such problems as wars, conflicts, capital punishment, etc were extremely frequent. Furthermore, numerous methods of torture and capital punishment, different types of weapon were invented for various purposes just because of the disrespect to the human life. The situation was the same till the beginning of the 20th century, when the general public started to think about the value of life and the unique traits of character of an individual.
Share 50 Human Rights Cases You Need to Know Explore our map of 50 landmark human rights cases, each with a brief description and a link to a free article or report on the case.
The cases were chosen in conjunction with the editors of the Oxford Reports on International Law. These choices were intended to showcase the variety of international, regional, and national mechanisms and fora for adjudicating human rights claims, and the range of rights that have been recognized.
The following map provides a quick tour to these cases, highlighting trends and themes, some positive, some negative. Major Historical Events A lot of these cases are important because of the way they demonstrate the possibility of righting historic injustices: They also shine a light on what happens in the aftermath of war: Peruvian politicians attempting to pass amnesty laws to prevent accountability, people on the losing side of World War II having their property stolen, and the operation of post-World War I minorities treaties.
Africa From a human rights standpoint we probably have a number of preconceptions about Africa — large scale atrocities and impunity. While that is horribly true in places there are also aspects of the cases highlighted in our map that might surprise some.
There is also the range of fora in Africa that offer remedies. In addition to the obvious forum — the Commission and Court of the African regional human rights system, we have cases from the East-African Court of Justice and the ECOWAS Community Court both finding that they are empowered to adjudicate on human rights issues as universal as the rights of indigenous peoples and anti-slavery.
Expansion of Rights The modern proliferation of rights is often a topic of humorous exaggeration. These cases exemplify a great breadth of rights beyond the classic civil and political rights of freedom from torture, or free speech.
Where it does address these topics there is a novel twist: Several have gender aspects: Others bring in group rights: Unattractive Victims Opponents of human rights litigation often point out that these rights are frequently claimed by people whom we deplore.
It is true that many of the people making claims in these cases were accused of murder and terrorism, or at least were sworn enemies of the state that allegedly abused them.
Human Rights as an Excuse With so many human rights remedies available there is a temptation for litigants, whether states or individuals, to use human rights as a way to get an issue before a court.
Instead, Georgia sued under a human rights treaty: Ordinarily Russia could refuse to submit to a legal procedure at the ICJ, but the CERD contains a provision saying that in any dispute under that treaty between two states that have ratified it which Russia and Georgia had both parties must agree to the jurisdiction of the ICJ.
Misleading Maps You might think the clustering of pins in our map is about abuses, but actually it demonstrates access to a legal process and, depending on implementation a remedy. These 50 cases are by no measurable sense the 50 greatest or most important cases, but they do amply demonstrate the expansion and increasing profile of this, mostly admirable, element of the rule of law.Human Rights Violations: A Case Study of Kashmir Created Date: Z.
The Rwanda crisis (April - June ), the Cambodian crisis ( ), and the actions of the Nazi regime in Germany inflicted upon the Jewish population ( ) are a few past examples of occurrences in which a government perpetrated violence against individuals and .
Robert Okwei Dowuona is a Human Rights Activist with AID-GHANA. His case study of home abuse in a community in Ghana suggests it would be beneficial to legally try certain domestic abuse cases as human rights violations under sovereign and international law.
Case studies Over 12, companies across countries have signed the UN Global Compact and committed to its 10 principles, including 6 that address human rights and labour standards. This case study sought to explore the issue of domestic violence against women as a human rights violation, its effects, causes and prevalence in the Effutu Municipality of Ghana.
A case study design was employed for this study and one hundred and fifty () people participated in the study. The Extent of Human Rights violations in Darfur. The Rwanda crisis (April - June ), the Cambodian crisis ( ), and the actions of the Nazi regime in Germany inflicted upon the Jewish population ( ) are a few past examples of occurrences in which a government perpetrated violence against individuals and groups, hence violating human rights.